Allergic Reaction Treatment Specialist Q&A
Learn more about allergic reactions and treatments that are available. Call our team of medical professionals at Get Well Urgent Care to book an appointment. We are located in 350 E 12 Mile Rd Madison Heights, MI 48071.
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When the immune system reacts to something foreign, such as pollen, pet dander, bee venom, or food that normally would not cause a reaction an allergic reaction occurs.
Your immune system produces a substance called an antibody. An allergy occurs when your immune system produces antibodies that distinguish harmless allergens from harmful ones. As a result, antibodies are produced to remain alert in case of exposure to such allergens.
Histamine, a chemical released by the immune system when the allergen is exposed again, causes allergy symptoms. Contact with an allergen may cause inflammation of your skin, sinuses, airways, and digestive system as a result of your immune system’s reaction.
Allergies can cause a wide range of symptoms, from minor irritation to life-threatening anaphylaxis. Most allergies are not curable, but treatment can alleviate their symptoms.
There are a number of airborne allergens that can trigger allergies, including dust mites, pollen, mold, and animal dander. Allergies can be caused by certain foods, such as peanuts, wheat, eggs, shellfish, tree nuts, fish, soy, and milk. Penicillin or penicillin-based antibiotics are common medications that cause allergies. Latex or other substances can cause allergic skin reactions.
Given the many types of allergies, the duration of allergic reactions can vary. Usually, they disappear within a few hours to a few days. In some cases, allergic reactions may last for a few weeks to months after prolonged exposure to the allergen, such as during the spring pollen season. In the case of allergies such as contact dermatitis, the reaction may be more acute if contact with the allergen is minimal. Contact dermatitis usually takes a while for a reaction to occur. It can take as little as a few hours to as long as 10 days. There is usually a delay of 12 hours to 3 days.
Depending on the nature of the allergy, the extent and length of exposure to the allergen, and a myriad of other factors the time it takes to resolve will fluctuate. It may take two to four weeks for some allergic reactions to resolve with adequate treatment.
Allergic reactions are classified as type I, II, III, or IV, with type I being the most severe and type IV being the least.
A type I, II, or III allergic reaction occurs within twenty-four hours following exposure to the allergen. The delayed allergic reaction occurs after 24 hours of exposure and is referred to as a type IV reaction.
A type I reaction, or anaphylactic reaction, is mediated by IgE antibodies, which are produced by the immune system. Pollen, animal dander, dust mites, or even certain foods can trigger these reactions. Inflammation and swelling are caused by the release of histamine and other chemicals.
A sudden, life-threatening respiratory failure can result from anaphylaxis, which is the most severe form. Anaphylaxis affects people by displaying symptoms of severe breathing difficulties, swelling, low blood pressure, and blue skin.
There is a wide range of symptoms associated with allergic reactions. When you are exposed to an allergen for the first time, you may experience mild symptoms.
Repeated exposure to the allergen can exacerbate these symptoms. A mild reaction may display itching, a rash, hives, a scratchy throat, itchy or watery eyes, or allergic rhinitis.
A more severe reaction may be accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting or nausea, wheezing, difficulty breathing, weakness, dizziness, swelling, heart palpitations, chest pain, and more. If you are experiencing anything more than mild symptoms it is important to seek medical care. Learn more about allergic reactions and treatments available at Get Well Urgent Care. You can contact us through our website or call our office to book an appointment. We serve patients from Madison Heights MI, Royal Oak MI, Warren MI, Hazel Park MI, and Berkley MI.